Water sources and treatments discusses a very common element we all share! Water covers about three-fourths of the earth and makes up about the same proportion of our bodies. Water is pretty much everywhere, including the air we breathe!
Still there are specific locations we go to find potable (drinking) water. Let’s look at some of those places and consider the pros and cons of each relative to the quality of water that is provided for our consumption.
The most obvious place we get our water is from the tap – straight out of the faucet at home. But where does that water come from?
If you are like most people in the US, your water is provided by your local municipality or city. The quality of your water is controlled by both federal and state regulations.
Some cities may add fluoride or chlorine to the water, for the stated purpose of reducing incidents of tooth decay or to discourage bacteria growth. The taste of municipal water can vary widely across the country.
Some cities get their water from lakes, streams or rivers. The Pacific Northwest, for example, gets much of its water from such sources. We are fortunate to, for now at least, have an abundant water supply.
If you live in a more rural area you may get your water from a well. While this water probably has no added chemicals, it still should be tested regularly for purity. Runoff from farm or dairy activities can pose a problem of contamination.
Well water has the advantage of being rich in trace minerals that benefit human health.
Another source of water is rain. Some buildings are designed to collect rain water for human consumption. This is one of the best options because pollution possibilities are minimized and the water is in its purest state.
Many years ago, if you talked about water sources and treatment, people would probably have given you a funny look. Water treatment? What kind of treatment would you possibly give water?
However, today the subject certainly has relevance because of our growing population and the resulting pollution caused by population growth. In the last century, pollution was a little-used word. Today it is of prime importance.
No one wants to drink polluted water, so in the US, it is routinely monitored for its safety and quality. Beyond this, other treatments have been devised to further treat water, perhaps for special uses.
Reverse osmosis is a method by which water is pressed through membranes that remove minerals, some pollutants, toxins, and larger particles. Still, the best water has some minerals in it, so removing all minerals is problematic.
Deionized water removes minerals and some impurities, but that is a mixed bag. Some trace minerals that your body needs are also removed. Additionally, deionized water does not remove pathogens or bacteria.
Distilled water removes all solids and all minerals. The downside is that natural water has some minerals that our bodies need.
Would you like more information on water sources and treatment? Please let me know what information you would like and I'll dig it up for you!
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